6 de agosto de 2012

Ranking de los perros más inteligentes

Los perros son considerados como “El mejor amigo del Hombre” ya que además de ser cariñosos y fieles, son muy buenos guardianes y animales muy inteligentes, tanto que fueron casi sagrados en la Antigua Grecia. 

El siguiente ranking fue elaborado por Stanley Coren, autor de “The Intelligence of Dogs” (La Inteligencia de los Perros) y creador de un test de inteligencia para perros. 

Primer nivel: El sueño de todo dueño 

1.- Border Collie 

2.- Poodle o Caniche 

3.- Pastor Alemán 

4.- Golden Retriever 

5.- Doberman 

6.- Pastor de Shetland 

7.- Labrador Retriever 

8.- Papillón 

9.- Rottweiler

Estas razas tienen la capacidad de entender rápidamente órdenes nuevas, recordarlas y responder con presteza y adecuadamente.  

Segundo nivel: Excelentes trabajadores 

10.- Cattle Dog Australiano

11.- Pembroke Welsh Corgi

12.- Schnauzer Miniatura

13.- Springer Spaniel Inglés

14.- Pastor Bélga Terviuren

15.- Pastor Bélga, Schipperke

16.- Collie, Keeshound

17.- Pointer Alemán de pelo corto

18.- Cocker Spaniel Inglés

19.- Flat Coated Retriever

20.- Schnauzer Mediano

21.- Spaniel Bretón o Brittany

22.- Cocker Spaniel Americano

23.- Weimaraner

24.- Bernes de la Montaña

25.- Pastor Bélga Malines

26.- Pomerania

27.- Irish Water Spaniel

28.- Vizsla

29.- Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Aprenden y recuerdan con facilidad órdenes sencillas, y mejoran apreciablemente con la práctica. 

Tercer nivel: Nivel superior a la media 

30.- Chesapeake Bay Retriever 
31.- Puli 30 Yorkshire Terrier 
32.- Perro de Agua Portugués 
33.- Schnauzer Gigante 
34.- Airedale Terrier 
35.- Boyero de Flandes 
36.- Border Terrier 
37.- Pastor de Briad 
38.- Welsh springer spaniel 
39.- Manchester Terrier 
40.- Samoyedo 
41.- Bearded Collie 
42.- Field Spaniel 
43.- Gordon Setter 
44.- Staffordshire Terrier Americano 
45.- Terranova 
46.- Terrier Australiano 
47.- Cairn Terrier 
48.- Kerry Blue Terrier 
49.- Setter Irlandes Rojo 
50.- Elkhound 
51.- Affenpinscher 
52.- Clumber Spaniel 
53.- Pharaon Hound 
54.- Pinscher Miniatura 
55.- Setter Inglés 
56.- Silky Terrier 
57.- Norwich Terrier 
58.- Dálmata 

Buena capacidad de aprendizaje y retención, pero necesitan más tiempo y repeticiones, y son más inseguros y lentos que los del grupo anterior.

Cuarto nivel: El término medio 

59.- Bedlington Terrier 
60.- Fox Terrier Pelo Liso 
61.- Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier 
62.- Curly-coated Retriever, Irish Wolfhound 
63.- Kuvasz 
64.- Pastor Australiano 
65.- Pointer 
66.- Saluki 
67.- Spitz Finlandés 
68.- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 
69.- Coonhound Negro y Fuego 
70.- Pointer Alemán de pelo duro 
71.- Spaniel Americano de Agua 
72.- Bichon Frise 
73.- English Toy Spaniel 
74.- Husky Siberiano 
75.- Foxhound Americano 
76.- Galgo o Greyhound 
77.- Otterhound 
78.- Spaniel Tibetano 
79.- Deerhound 
80.- West Highland White Terrier 
81.- Boxer 
82.- Gran Danés 
83.- Dachshund o Perro Salchicha 
84.- Staffordshire Bull Terrier 
85.- Malamute de Alaska 
86.- Fox Terrier Pelo Duro 
87.- Shar Pei 
88.- Whippet 
89.- Rhodesian Ridgeback 
90.- Terrier Irlandés 
91.- Welsh Terrier 
92.- Akita Inu 
93.- Boston Terrier 

Estos perros son el “promedio” respecto a comprensión y retención de órdenes y ejercicios, que necesitan repetir con frecuencia para no olvidar. Necesitan de tiempo y paciencia para aprender.

Quinto nivel: Los “distraídos” 

94.- Skye Terrier 
95.- Norfolk Terrier 
96.- Sealyham Terrier 
97.- Pug 
98.- Bulldog Frances 
99.- Griffon de Bruselas 
100.- Maltés 
101.- Greyhound Italiano 
102.- Crestado Chino 
103.- Chin 
104.- Dandie Dinmont Terrier 
105.- Lakeland Terrier 
106.- Petit Basset Grifon Vendeen 
107.- Terrier Tibetano 
108.- Viejo Pastor Ingles 
109.- Gigante de los Pirineos 
110.- San Bernardo 
111.- Terrier Escocés 
112.- Bull Terrier 
113.- Chihuahua 
114.- Lhasa Apso 
115.- Bullmastiff 

Necesitan muchas repeticiones para alcanzar –y sostener- un rendimiento aceptable (A veces, hasta unas 25 repeticiones no muestran signos de comprensión). Son los típicos perros “distraídos”, que parecen responder sólo cuando tienen ganas. Mejor evitarlas, si es el primer perro que tendrás.

Sexto nivel: Los “rebeldes” 

116.- Shih Tzu 
117.- Basset Hound 
118.- Beagle, Mastiff 
119.- Pequinés 
120.- Bloodhound 
121.- Borzoi 
122.- Chow Chow 
123.- Bulldog 
124.- Basenji 
125.- Afgano 

Necesitan mucha insistencia para que aprendan, y la repetición constante para que lo aprendido se mantenga en el tiempo. A veces parecen hacer todo a disgusto, y en otras oponerse a propósito. Son los típicos perros "imposibles de adiestrar", los que más dolores de cabeza dan a los adiestradores. /www.enplenitud.com/libros

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